Research Institute of Pomology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RIP, CAAS) is a national scientific research organization with responsibility for carrying out the application and applied basic research, as well as research into new technologies attributing to rural economy. Established in 1958 and located in Xingcheng city of Liaoning Province, RIP conducts research in apple, pear, grape, peach, plum, apricot, strawberry, blueberry, kiwifruit and jujube, etc. RIP sets research subjects focusing on fruit germplasm resources, genetic breeding, physiology & cultivation, plant protection, storage & processing, quality & safety and fruit science & technology information.
RIP has 7 research centers, 6 administrative departments and 2 supporting departments. RIP established 6 research groups of science and technology innovation project of CAAS and 28 research teams. The institute now employs 201 staff, including 50 senior titles and 54 assistant researchers, 31 doctors, and 72 masters.
RIP has doctoral and master's degree awarding points and post-doctoral research flow stations in Pomology, Plant Pathology and Entomology, etc. At present, there are 5 doctoral supervisors and 27 postgraduate supervisors. In the past five years, 21 PhD candidates have been graduated, including 10 international students, 2 Sino-foreign joint training, and 45 master students.
RIP is supported by a series of national platforms, like National apple & pear field genebank, National apple breeding center, National agricultural experimental station for plant protection, Key laboratory of the Ministry of agriculture and rural affairs (MOA) of horticultural crop germplasm utilization, Fruit quality and safety risk assessment laboratory of MOA, Supervision & Test Center of Fruit and Nursery Stocks Quality (Xingcheng) of MOA, Liaoning Scientific Observation and Testing Station for Crop Genetic Resources and Germplasm Creation of MOA, Research station of MOA of Deciduous Fruit Trees and Sino-Italian Joint Laboratory of Pomology.
International cooperation is an essential part of the mission of RIP. RIP has established long-term cooperative relations with 17 institutions of 12 countries, and has signed a number of bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements, like Sino-Italian Joint Laboratory of Pomology. In the past 5 years, 11 young scholars have been sent to 6 countries, such as New Zealand, the United States and Canada, to conducting long-term training and cooperation research. RIP has held 5 international training workshops on fruit production technology for developing countries along the Road and Belt line (Pakistan and Bangladesh). In the international training workshops, 116 students from more than 20 countries came here for short term study. And 3 international academy conferences on fruit science and technology innovation were organized. RIP also has held the first international seminar on “one belt, one road” national fruit science and technology innovation and other international academic exchange seminars.
Fruit tree professional committee of the Chinese horticultural society is affiliated to RIP, and organizes several national academic conference every year. RIP sponsors publication of two journals, China Fruit & Practical Technology and Information of Fruit Tree, aimed to introduce the new varieties and techniques to the practice.
Currently, RIP has wined 111 awards including 7 national, 75 provincial and ministerial achievements. Since establishment, it has bred more than 150 new fruit varieties, identified a number of new genes and valuable germplasms, innovated a series of new products in fertilizer and bio-control products, and brought tremendous contributions to social and economic benefits.
The success of RIP can be attributed to an ideal combination of science, technology, and economic incentive. The active transfer of technology for the betterment of all is a primary driver. Our researchers at the front line of fruit production aid in transforming the latest technological achievements into applications for farmers through technical training and onsite demonstrations. RIP cooperates closely with local governments and fruit enterprises to promote their economic development through technology transfer, expert workstations and demonstration bases has been constructed with local governments and enterprises.
As RIP plays a greater role in the global scientific family, it is seeking to establish further international collaboration on the sustainable development of fruit industry and make significant contributions to eliminating poverty of rural areas in the world.